The Impact Of The Russian Revolution On The Nation
The Russian Revolution took place in 1917. It marked the collapse of the Czar and the rise of Marxism under Lenin. This Revolution started a new era for Russia and it had immense effects on
The Russian Revolution took place in 1917. It marked the collapse of the Czar and the rise of Marxism under Lenin. This Revolution started a new era for Russia and it had immense effects on the world as well.
Celebrated writer on The Russian Revolution, Orlando Figes says that in the years prior to the revolt, there had been a number of wars. The notable ones were The Crimean War that took place from 1854 to 1856, The Russo- Turkish War that lasted from 1877- 1878, The Russo- Japanese War that started from 1904-1905 and the First World War that took place from 1914 to 1918. These wars in Russia demanded a lot of state taxes and manpower. Unfortunately, except for Turkey, Russia lost in all these wars. This created huge unrest and turmoil in the nation. The people were unhappy and the economy of the nation suffered a lot.
Besides these wars there were three sections of society that were responsible for the cause of the Russian Revolution. The first section of society were the peasants. They were very poor and formed the majority of the population of Russia. They barely could escape the famine that took place during harvest however war grabbed the limelight and was given more importance. The population boom in Russia during 1897 to 1896 was felt immensely by these peasants- there was an increase of at least 30 million people during these years. However, no land was given to the peasants. The government did their best for aid however war dominated the scenario at that time.
There was a rise in the industrial working class in Russia. They were working in workshops, mines and factories. They earned very low wages and lived in poor housing conditions. They suffered accidents. The Government did their best to help by passing some Factory Acts to reduce work hours. However, their effects were too small a scale. This gave rise to conflicts between the workers and the police.
Lastly, the Czar of Russia was also a prime subject of disapproval in the nation- Czar Nicholas II. He was focused more on his family life over state matters. He retained all the privileges of the State and believed he was like God fit to rule. He did not have a clear understanding of the forces of industrialization and nationalism that were working in Russia. He was more of an autocrat and refused to understand the struggles of the people. They were so discontented that they decided to revolt and go against the Czar. They just wanted a good leader to guide them.
Orlando Figes says that if you look at the Russian Revolution today, you will find that it is one of the most important events of the 20th century. It changed the government and the outlook of the nation as a whole. The events of this revolution were a direct result of the increasing conflict post World War I. However, it also marks the collapse of an empire that goes beyond the efforts of the First World War!